Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) needs to be differentiated from polycystic ovaries.

While polycystic ovaries on ultrasound are very common affecting 20% of women, the syndrome is diagnosed if you have additional features such as abnormal hormones, irregular cycles or excess hair on your face/body. It is also linked to excess weight gain and glucose imbalance.

The term PCOS is a misnomer as there are no actual cysts within the ovary, but multiple egg sacs, and this should be reassuring to the patients. The main problem, however, relates to failure of the eggs to ovulate, which can be treated by simple methods of ovulation induction.