Premature menopause is diagnosed when the ovarian function stops before the age of 40 years and can affect one in a hundred women.
These women need specialist care as their general health can be affected if they are not counselled and treated appropriately in a specialist clinic. The causes are many ranging from genetic, immunological and even environmental factors.
The terminology can vary as premature ovarian failure, resistant ovaries, premature ovarian dysfunction and currently the preferred term premature ovarian insufficiency (POI).
It is important to realise that pregnancies and live births can be achieved even after a diagnosis of premature menopause in a small percentage of women. However, the main treatment option remains the use of donor eggs.