Tubal Infertility

This is where one or both of the fallopian tubes are blocked or damaged such that the egg cannot be transported properly or at all to the site within the tube where it would normally be fertilised by the sperm.

The test tube baby technique referred to as IVF nowadays was originally designed to treat this specific problem. If the tube is blocked and distended with fluid, it is known as a hydrosalpinx. The success rates of IVF can be affected by the presence of a hydrosalpinx and requires surgical treatment/removal of the hydrosalpinx prior to IVF.