Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
This is an advanced form of IVF, used to combat issues related to the sperm.
The pathway is very similar to IVF except a different technique is used to try to achieve fertilisation. Here, a single sperm is injected into the egg to maximise chances of conception.
It can be used in combination with SSR (Surgical Sperm Recovery) for severe cases where there is a complete absence of sperm in the ejaculate.