Surgical Sperm Recovery (SSR)
1 to 2 out of one-hundred men affected by infertility will have a complete absence of sperm in the ejaculate. This is called azoospermia. It may be that sperm production is normal, but there is a blockage preventing the sperm from entering the semen during intercourse so conceiving naturally is not a viable option.
SSR involves collecting sperm directly from either the epididymis or testicles. The sample is then stored for future use or is used in conjunction with ICSI to fertilise an egg.